What Are Cannabinoids & How Can They Benefit Patients?


Cannabinoids are chemicals found in cannabis. There are at least 113 different cannabinoids isolated from cannabis, exhibiting varied effects.
Oct 28, 2015
Cannabis 101


CBD has been found to give the most medical benefits of all the components found in medical cannabis. CBD can also decrease the social isolation characteristics introduced by THC. CBD have low psychoactive characteristics associated to it ranging from 0.1 – 12 percent.

Studies have show CBD’s particular medicinal values:
  • Helps control certain cancers
  • Helps with controlling pain
  • Stimulates bone growth
  • Stops growth of bacteria
  • Suppresses muscle spasms and convulsions
  • Slows Inflammation
  • Helps with nausea
  • Reduces the risk of artery obstructions
  • Decreases pressure in the blood vessel walls
  • Reduces blood sugar levels
  • Assists in controlling epileptic seizures
  • Helps reduce risk of nerve damage
  • Decreases the social isolation caused by THC


There is very little CBN present in fresh marijuana plants. The more CBN the less THC, medical cannabis containing high levels can also indicate its age and improper handling of medicine. High CBN levels also have shown undesirable symptoms like confusion, lightheadedness, and acts as a weak agonist of the cannabinoid receptors. CBN have a mildly psychoactive characteristics associated to it.

Studies have show CBN’s particular medicinal values:
  • Acts as a sleep aid
  • Slows inflammation
  • Helps with controlling pain
  • Suppresses muscle spasms and convulsions
  • helps fight free radicals in the blood stream


THCV is an analogue to THC and shares characteristics that help to increase additional benefits of THC in smaller doses. Recently studies have shown THCV in larger doses reduce the medicinal effects of THC. THCV have medium psychoactive characteristics associated to it.

Studies have shown THCV’s particular medicinal values:
  • Effective in appetite suppressant
  • Helps control obesity
  • Type II diabetes human testing currently underway


THCA is a precursor of THC. THCA is typically the main constituent found in fresh cannabis and will decarboxylate to its active form while drying or when heated. THCA does not have psychoactive effects but can be used as an anti-inflammatory or neuroprotective medication.

Studies have shown THCA’s particular medicinal values:
  • Slows inflammation
  • Help control cancer cell growth
  • Suppresses muscle spasms and convulsions


THC has shown to have a wide range of medical benefits associated to it. THC is most associated with the high and Euphoria feeling when using cannabis. THC has very high psychoactive characteristics associated to it typically ranging from 5 – 25 percent. Over medicating with THC can cause adverse side effects. Side effects including disorientation and even hallucinations. Additional but uncommon side effects studied have shown depression , anger , anxiety , and even short term memory loss.

Studies have show THC’s particular medicinal values:
  • Helps with controlling pain
  • Helps with relaxation
  • Suppresses pain from nerve damage
  • Helps reduce risk of nerve damage
  • Helps control anxiety
  • Suppresses muscle spasms and convulsions
  • Helps control certain cancers
  • Helps with nausea
  • Slows inflammation
  • Helps fight free radicals in the blood stream
  • Encourages eating and appetite stimulation
  • Stimulates new growth in nerve tissue
  • Relieves chronic eye pressure and pain caused from glaucoma and other eye disorders


Very little is known about CBC however research has shown to have valuable medicinal properties. CBC has no psychoactive characteristics associated to it.

Studies have show CBC’s particular medicinal values:
  • Helps with controlling pain
  • Stops growth of Fungi
  • Slows inflammation
  • Stimulates bone growth
  • Encourages cell growth
  • Stops growth of bacteria
  • Assists in contraction of blood cells


CBG are not found to much in medicinal cannabis but more commonly found in higher concentrations of hemp. CBG have no psychoactive characteristics associated to it.

Studies have show CBG’s particular medicinal values:
  • Stops growth of bacteria
  • Stimulates bone growth
  • Encourages cell growth


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